The incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are on the rise, with many having detrimental effects on the human visual system. These conditions include but not limited to; gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis, viral infections such as HIV and herpes. Infected patients often present with a variety of anterior and posterior ocular manifestations as well as a possible concurrent opportunistic infections in some conditions. This lecture will provide an overview of clinical signs and symptoms, both ocular and systemic, of these conditions relevant to eye-care. Discussion will include appropriate management including referral of patients suspected of these conditions and precautions that should be taken.
*Qualifies for CPOC renewal*
- 1. Review background and demographic information regarding to STDs.
- 2. Explain proper evaluation including pertinent history and examination in patients suspected of an STD.
- 3. Recognize clinical characteristics, both ocular and systemic, of patients suspected of presenting with a STD.
- 4. Summarize proper examination including assessment of the findings and proper management of patient suspected of STD.
- 5. Recall appropriate principals of universal precautions when treating patients with STDs.